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#### Cosmic Rays and Solar Cells

In this cosmic rays and solar cells worksheet, students read about how cosmic rays damage the electrical output of solar cells over time on satellites. Students use a graph of the solar power output compared to the year for the SOHO...

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#### Single Event Upsets in Aircraft Avionics

In this aircraft avionics worksheet, science fans read about the first unmanned air vehicle that collects data about the Earth and is subject to damage by cosmic ray showers. Pupils analyze two graphs of data showing the neutron flux vs....

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#### Cosmic Rays

Students study cosmic rays and the energy behind them.Â In this atmospheric lesson students complete a cosmic ray telescope project.Â

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#### Fermi Detects Gamma-Rays from Messier

In this power law function worksheet, students use data from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space telescope to apply the power law function to physical phenomena. Students use a graph to solve four problems.

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#### Calculating Total Radiation Dosages at Mars

In this Mars radiation instructional activity, students use data from the Mars Radiation Environment Experiment to solve 4 problems. They determine the total radiation dosage during a specific period of time, they determine the dosage...

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#### Cosmic Bar Graphs

In this cosmic bar graph worksheet, students solve 2 problems using given bar graphs that plot the number of galaxies vs. the galaxy type and the number of gamma-ray bursts vs. the burst classification. Students find the fraction of...

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#### Cosmic Ray Momentum

Students describe how cosmic rays achieve high kinetic energy via conservation of momentum.

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#### In Search of Cosmic Rays

Students compare rates to altitude. They conduct a class discussion about the results.

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#### Background Radiation and Lifestyles

In this radiation and lifestyles worksheet, students are given 5 problems about a person which indicate her exposure to radiation. Students calculate her total dosage to radiation in each problem based on her exposure.

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#### Correcting Bad Data Using Parity Bits

In this parity bits instructional activity, students read about pixels and data strings. Students are given 2 data strings that are corrupted by cosmic ray glitches and they identify the bad data and create a valid data string.

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#### The Hand of Chandra!

For this nebula worksheet, high schoolers read about the Chandra X-ray Observatory that captured the given image of a pulsar and its nebula. Students solve 3 problems including using similar triangles and proportions to find the image...

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#### Communication Satellites

In this communication satellites worksheet, students complete a table showing the satellite, the lifespan of the satellite, the number of transponders on the satellite and the cost of the satellite. Students determine the retire year,...

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#### Astronomer sees a 'Brake' in Cosmic expansion

Seventh graders examine and read an article.Â In this investigative lesson students discuss questions about the article and complete an activity.Â

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#### SURVIVING A COSMIC INVASION

Learners read periodicals relating to radioacitivity and interpret a Geiger Counter. They work in small groups, share information and help each other explain the Geiger Counter. They discover the relationship distance to...

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#### Radiation - Do Some Research

In this radiation research worksheet, learners read the questions and then complete research about radiation traveling through space, radiation as x-rays, and cosmic rays.

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#### Differential Thermal Calorimetry

Students access prior knowledge of infrared rays, ultraviolet rays, gamma rays, x-rays and cosmic waves. In this electromagnetic waves lesson, students hold a mock trial electromagnetic spectrum. Students present characteristics of the...

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#### Scientific Notation III: Linear vs Exponential

High schoolers after investigating examples of exponential growth students have an intuitive feel for the concept of exponential growth of a system.

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#### Chemical and Physical Changes

Eighth graders investigate different gas behaviors. In this chemistry activity, 8th graders describe how changing volume and temperature affect gas particles motion. They collect data and make a generalization about these variables'...

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#### Activity Three Teacher Page: Collisions

Students after completing this lesson, identify variables that affect the system, and specify which variables are independent; which are dependent. They represent data in a data table and a graph and analyze data and make predictions.

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#### Activity One Teacher Page: Vehicles In Motion

Students identify variables that affect the system, and specify which variables are independent and which are dependent.

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#### Changes in Force, Motion, and Energy

Eighth graders construct various machines and compare the work done by them.

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#### Speed

Students explore speed by calculating the average speed of several snowmobiles, and predicting which of them is the fastest. They watch a race to verify their calculations.

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#### Scientific Notation II: The Mantissa

Students after completing the Part II (of 2) scientific notation online lab exercises, manipulate and interpret large numbers expressed in the "mantissa and exponent" format of scientific notation.

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#### Scientific Notation I: The Exponent

Learners manipulate and interpret large numbers expressed in the "exponent" format of scientific notation.