# Think Like A Programmer! Puzzlets Cork the Volcano Curriculum

Common Core Standards Connected

The standards listed below are standards from the Common Core Framework which map to learning opportunities with Cork The Volcano & Puzzlets.

Kindergarten

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.A

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

When Kindergarten students play Puzzlets they are working with directional arrows (left, right, up/jump, down/stop) to get their characters through a level. They have to sequence their directions on our playtray from top to bottom and left to right. These new concepts are reinforced through our gameplay.

Speaking and Listening

#### Comprehension and Collaboration:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.K.1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.K.1.A

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.K.1.B

Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.

Kindergarten students improve their cooperation and communication skills as they work with a partner to play Puzzlets. Since each partner has a defined job they are able to concentrate on improving their ability to explain their thoughts and reasoning to their partner. Students are encouraged to discuss their reasoning with their partner and to be open to the other’s ideas.

MATH

Operations and Algebraic Thinking:

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

Kindergarten students are introduced to basic algorithmic expressions as they design a sequence to advance through a level.

Speaking and Listening

#### Comprehension and Collaboration:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.1.A

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.1.B

Build on others' talk in conversations by responding to the comments of others through multiple exchanges.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.1.C

Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion.

1st grade students improve their cooperation and communication skills as they work with a partner to play Puzzlets. Since each partner has a defined job they are able to concentrate on improving their ability to explain their thoughts and reasoning to their partner. Students are encouraged to discuss their reasoning with their partner and ask questions about their partner’s sequences.

#### Comprehension and Collaboration:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.2.1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.2.1.A

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.2.1.B

Build on others' talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

2nd grade students improve their communication skills as they work with a partner to play Puzzlets. Since each partner has a defined job they are able to concentrate on improving their ability to explain their thoughts and reasoning to their partner.  Students are encouraged to discuss their reasoning with their partner and ask questions about their partner’s sequences. Then make decisions based off of what idea they determine is best to advance.

#### Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.8

Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g.cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).

3rd grade students improve their ability to logically sequence events as they play Puzzlets. By teaching the characters the best way to advance with the use of growingly complex sequences our students gain a greater understanding of cause and effect as well as ordering events in a sequence.

#### Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.5

Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

4th grade students improve their ability to describe a sequence events as they play Puzzlets. By teaching the characters the best way to advance with the use of growingly complex sequences our students gain a greater understanding of problem/solution, cause and effect as well as chronologically ordering events in a sequence and comparing why varying methods would work better.

#### Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.5

Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.

5th grade students improve their ability to compare and contrast a sequence events as they play Puzzlets. By teaching the characters the best way to advance with the use of growingly complex sequences our students gain a greater understanding of why varying methods sequencing steps would work better depending on the requirements of the level and benefits of each technique.