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Kindergarten

Social Studies

THEME: A CHILD’S PLACE IN TIME AND SPACE

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1st

Social Studies

THEME: FAMILIES NOW AND LONG AGO, NEAR AND FAR

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2nd

Social Studies

THEME: PEOPLE WORKING TOGETHER

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3rd

Social Studies

THEME: COMMUNITIES: PAST AND PRESENT, NEAR AND FAR

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4th

Social Studies

THEME: OHIO IN THE UNITED STATES

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5th

Social Studies

THEME: REGIONS AND PEOPLE OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE

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6th

Social Studies

THEME: REGIONS AND PEOPLE OF THE EASTERN HEMISPHERE

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7th

Social Studies

THEME: WORLD STUDIES FROM 750 B.C. TO 1600 A.D.: ANCIENT GREECE TO THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE

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8th

Social Studies

THEME: U.S. STUDIES FROM 1492 TO 1877: EXPLORATION THROUGH RECONSTRUCTION

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9th

Social Studies

American History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: FOUNDING DOCUMENTS – Some documents in American history have considerable importance for the development of the nation. Students use historical thinking to examine key documents which form the basis for the United States of America.

TOPIC: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND PROGRESSIVISM (1877-1920) – Ignited by post-Civil War demand and fueled by technological advancements, large-scale industrialization began in the United States during the late 1800s. Growing industries enticed foreign immigration, fostered urbanization, gave rise to the American labor movement and developed the infrastructure that facilitated the settling of the West. A period of progressive reform emerged in response to political corruption and practices of big business.

TOPIC: FOREIGN AFFAIRS FROM IMPERIALISM TO POSTWORLD WAR I (1898-1930) – The industrial and territorial growth of the United States fostered expansion overseas. Greater involvement in the world set the stage for American participation in World War I and attempts to preserve post-war peace.

TOPIC: PROSPERITY, DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL (1919-1941) – The post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war prosperity brought about changes to American popular culture. However, economic disruptions growing out the war years led to worldwide depression. The United States attempted to deal with the Great Depression through economic programs created by the federal government.

TOPIC: FROM ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR (1930-1945) – The isolationist approach to foreign policy meant U.S. leadership in world affairs diminished after World War I. Overseas, certain nations saw the growth of tyrannical governments which reasserted their power through aggression and created conditions leading to the Second World War. After Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II, which changed the country’s focus from isolationism to international involvement.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – The United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) emerged as the two strongest powers in international affairs. Ideologically opposed, they challenged one another in a series of confrontations known as the Cold War. The costs of this prolonged contest weakened the U.S.S.R. so that it collapsed due to internal upheavals as well as American pressure. The Cold War had social and political implications in the United States.

TOPIC: SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES (1945-1994) – A period of post-war prosperity allowed the United States to undergo fundamental social change. Adding to this change was an emphasis on scientific inquiry, the shift from an industrial to a technological/service economy, the impact of mass media, the phenomenon of suburban and Sun Belt migrations, the increase in immigration and the expansion of civil rights.

TOPIC: UNITED STATES AND THE POST-COLD WAR WORLD (1991 TO PRESENT) – The United States emerged from the Cold War as a dominant leader in world affairs amidst a globalized economy, political terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

American Government

TOPIC: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT – Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

TOPIC: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION – Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

TOPIC: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT – Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

TOPIC: ROLE OF THE PEOPLE – The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

TOPIC: OHIO’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS – The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

TOPIC: PUBLIC POLICY – Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Modern World History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1600-1800) – The Age of Enlightenment developed from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. A new focus on reasoning was used to understand social, political and economic institutions.

TOPIC: AGE OF REVOLUTIONS (1750-1914) – The Age of Revolutions was a period of two world-encompassing and interrelated developments: the democratic revolution and the industrial revolution. Both had political, economic and social consequences on a global scale.

TOPIC: IMPERIALISM (1800-1914) – The industrialized nations embarked upon a competition for overseas empires that had profound implications for the entire world. This “new imperialism” focused on the underdeveloped world and led to the domination and exploitation of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

TOPIC: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CRISES (1900-1945) – The first half of the 20th century was one of rapid technological advances. It was a period when the tensions between industrialized nations resulted in World War I and set the stage for World War II. While World War II transformed the balance of world power, it was the most destructive and costly war in terms of human casualties and material resources expended.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION (1991-PRESENT) – The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.

Economics and Financial Literacy

TOPIC: ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS – Economic decision making relies on the analysis of data. Economists use data to explain trends and decide among economic alternatives. Individuals use data to determine the condition of their finances and to make savings and investment decisions.

TOPIC: FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Productive resources are limited and allocated in a variety of different ways. An efficient way to allocate productive resources is through markets.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The health of a nation’s economy is influenced by governmental policy. Fiscal policy can be used to spur economic growth. Monetary policy can be used to moderate fluctuations in the business cycle.

TOPIC: GLOBAL ECONOMY – Global issues and events influence economic activities.

TOPIC: WORKING AND EARNING – Employment provides a means of creating personal income.

TOPIC: FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MONEY MANAGEMENT – Responsible personal finance decisions are based upon reliable information and used to reach personal goals.

TOPIC: SAVING AND INVESTING – Saving and investing strategies help individuals achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: CREDIT AND DEBT – Credit and debt can be used to achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: RISK MANAGEMENT – There are various strategies to help protect personal assets and wealth.

Contemporary World Issues

TOPIC: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS – The 21st century is characterized by changing circumstances as new economies emerge and new technologies change the way people interact. Issues related to health, economics, security and the environment are universal.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Individuals and groups have the capacity to engage with others to impact global issues.

TOPIC: CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS – There are challenges to civil rights and human rights throughout the world. Politics, economics and culture can all influence perceptions of civil and human rights.

TOPIC: SUSTAINABILITY – An increasingly global society is faced with the interdependency of ecological, social and economic systems. The functioning of these systems determines the sustainability of natural and human communities at local, regional, national and global levels.

TOPIC: TECHNOLOGY – Technological advances present issues related to costs, distribution of benefits, ethical considerations, and intended and unintended consequences.

TOPIC: NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY – The political, economic and social goals of nations, international associations and nongovernmental organizations may be incompatible with each other and lead to conflicts.

TOPIC: THE GLOBAL ECONOMY – The global economy is an international marketplace fueled by competition, trade and integration.

World Geography

TOPIC: SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS – The ability to use geographic tools to locate data spatially enables people to gain a better understanding of contemporary issues. Investigations of spatial information provide guidance in solving global problems.

TOPIC: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY – Humans adapt to and modify the environment and shape the landscape through their interaction with the land. This has both positive and negative effects on the environment.

TOPIC: MOVEMENT – People interact with other people, places, and things every day of their lives. They travel from one place to another; they communicate with each other; and they rely upon products, information, and ideas that come from beyond their immediate environment .

TOPIC: REGION – A region is an area on the earth’s surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics which give it a measure of homogeneity and distinguish it from surrounding areas. The unifying characteristics may be physical or cultural. Regions change over time.

TOPIC: HUMAN SETTLEMENT – People live in settlements which vary in size, composition, location, arrangement, and function. These settlements are the focus of most aspects of human life including economic activities, transportation systems, governance, communications and culture. Human settlements differ between regions, places and over time.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION – The modern world is said to be “shrinking” or “flattening” through the processes of globalization. The scale and speed of global interactions continue to increase in fields such as technology, markets, information sharing and telecommunication. Globalization has impacted human-environmental interactions, has affected the movement of people, products and ideas, and has implications for what constitutes a region and connections among existing regions.

10th

Social Studies

American History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: FOUNDING DOCUMENTS – Some documents in American history have considerable importance for the development of the nation. Students use historical thinking to examine key documents which form the basis for the United States of America.

TOPIC: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND PROGRESSIVISM (1877-1920) – Ignited by post-Civil War demand and fueled by technological advancements, large-scale industrialization began in the United States during the late 1800s. Growing industries enticed foreign immigration, fostered urbanization, gave rise to the American labor movement and developed the infrastructure that facilitated the settling of the West. A period of progressive reform emerged in response to political corruption and practices of big business.

TOPIC: FOREIGN AFFAIRS FROM IMPERIALISM TO POSTWORLD WAR I (1898-1930) – The industrial and territorial growth of the United States fostered expansion overseas. Greater involvement in the world set the stage for American participation in World War I and attempts to preserve post-war peace.

TOPIC: PROSPERITY, DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL (1919-1941) – The post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war prosperity brought about changes to American popular culture. However, economic disruptions growing out the war years led to worldwide depression. The United States attempted to deal with the Great Depression through economic programs created by the federal government.

TOPIC: FROM ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR (1930-1945) – The isolationist approach to foreign policy meant U.S. leadership in world affairs diminished after World War I. Overseas, certain nations saw the growth of tyrannical governments which reasserted their power through aggression and created conditions leading to the Second World War. After Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II, which changed the country’s focus from isolationism to international involvement.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – The United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) emerged as the two strongest powers in international affairs. Ideologically opposed, they challenged one another in a series of confrontations known as the Cold War. The costs of this prolonged contest weakened the U.S.S.R. so that it collapsed due to internal upheavals as well as American pressure. The Cold War had social and political implications in the United States.

TOPIC: SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES (1945-1994) – A period of post-war prosperity allowed the United States to undergo fundamental social change. Adding to this change was an emphasis on scientific inquiry, the shift from an industrial to a technological/service economy, the impact of mass media, the phenomenon of suburban and Sun Belt migrations, the increase in immigration and the expansion of civil rights.

TOPIC: UNITED STATES AND THE POST-COLD WAR WORLD (1991 TO PRESENT) – The United States emerged from the Cold War as a dominant leader in world affairs amidst a globalized economy, political terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

American Government

TOPIC: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT – Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

TOPIC: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION – Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

TOPIC: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT – Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

TOPIC: ROLE OF THE PEOPLE – The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

TOPIC: OHIO’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS – The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

TOPIC: PUBLIC POLICY – Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Modern World History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1600-1800) – The Age of Enlightenment developed from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. A new focus on reasoning was used to understand social, political and economic institutions.

TOPIC: AGE OF REVOLUTIONS (1750-1914) – The Age of Revolutions was a period of two world-encompassing and interrelated developments: the democratic revolution and the industrial revolution. Both had political, economic and social consequences on a global scale.

TOPIC: IMPERIALISM (1800-1914) – The industrialized nations embarked upon a competition for overseas empires that had profound implications for the entire world. This “new imperialism” focused on the underdeveloped world and led to the domination and exploitation of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

TOPIC: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CRISES (1900-1945) – The first half of the 20th century was one of rapid technological advances. It was a period when the tensions between industrialized nations resulted in World War I and set the stage for World War II. While World War II transformed the balance of world power, it was the most destructive and costly war in terms of human casualties and material resources expended.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION (1991-PRESENT) – The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.

Economics and Financial Literacy

TOPIC: ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS – Economic decision making relies on the analysis of data. Economists use data to explain trends and decide among economic alternatives. Individuals use data to determine the condition of their finances and to make savings and investment decisions.

TOPIC: FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Productive resources are limited and allocated in a variety of different ways. An efficient way to allocate productive resources is through markets.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The health of a nation’s economy is influenced by governmental policy. Fiscal policy can be used to spur economic growth. Monetary policy can be used to moderate fluctuations in the business cycle.

TOPIC: GLOBAL ECONOMY – Global issues and events influence economic activities.

TOPIC: WORKING AND EARNING – Employment provides a means of creating personal income.

TOPIC: FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MONEY MANAGEMENT – Responsible personal finance decisions are based upon reliable information and used to reach personal goals.

TOPIC: SAVING AND INVESTING – Saving and investing strategies help individuals achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: CREDIT AND DEBT – Credit and debt can be used to achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: RISK MANAGEMENT – There are various strategies to help protect personal assets and wealth.

Contemporary World Issues

TOPIC: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS – The 21st century is characterized by changing circumstances as new economies emerge and new technologies change the way people interact. Issues related to health, economics, security and the environment are universal.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Individuals and groups have the capacity to engage with others to impact global issues.

TOPIC: CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS – There are challenges to civil rights and human rights throughout the world. Politics, economics and culture can all influence perceptions of civil and human rights.

TOPIC: SUSTAINABILITY – An increasingly global society is faced with the interdependency of ecological, social and economic systems. The functioning of these systems determines the sustainability of natural and human communities at local, regional, national and global levels.

TOPIC: TECHNOLOGY – Technological advances present issues related to costs, distribution of benefits, ethical considerations, and intended and unintended consequences.

TOPIC: NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY – The political, economic and social goals of nations, international associations and nongovernmental organizations may be incompatible with each other and lead to conflicts.

TOPIC: THE GLOBAL ECONOMY – The global economy is an international marketplace fueled by competition, trade and integration.

World Geography

TOPIC: SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS – The ability to use geographic tools to locate data spatially enables people to gain a better understanding of contemporary issues. Investigations of spatial information provide guidance in solving global problems.

TOPIC: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY – Humans adapt to and modify the environment and shape the landscape through their interaction with the land. This has both positive and negative effects on the environment.

TOPIC: MOVEMENT – People interact with other people, places, and things every day of their lives. They travel from one place to another; they communicate with each other; and they rely upon products, information, and ideas that come from beyond their immediate environment .

TOPIC: REGION – A region is an area on the earth’s surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics which give it a measure of homogeneity and distinguish it from surrounding areas. The unifying characteristics may be physical or cultural. Regions change over time.

TOPIC: HUMAN SETTLEMENT – People live in settlements which vary in size, composition, location, arrangement, and function. These settlements are the focus of most aspects of human life including economic activities, transportation systems, governance, communications and culture. Human settlements differ between regions, places and over time.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION – The modern world is said to be “shrinking” or “flattening” through the processes of globalization. The scale and speed of global interactions continue to increase in fields such as technology, markets, information sharing and telecommunication. Globalization has impacted human-environmental interactions, has affected the movement of people, products and ideas, and has implications for what constitutes a region and connections among existing regions.

11th

Social Studies

American History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: FOUNDING DOCUMENTS – Some documents in American history have considerable importance for the development of the nation. Students use historical thinking to examine key documents which form the basis for the United States of America.

TOPIC: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND PROGRESSIVISM (1877-1920) – Ignited by post-Civil War demand and fueled by technological advancements, large-scale industrialization began in the United States during the late 1800s. Growing industries enticed foreign immigration, fostered urbanization, gave rise to the American labor movement and developed the infrastructure that facilitated the settling of the West. A period of progressive reform emerged in response to political corruption and practices of big business.

TOPIC: FOREIGN AFFAIRS FROM IMPERIALISM TO POSTWORLD WAR I (1898-1930) – The industrial and territorial growth of the United States fostered expansion overseas. Greater involvement in the world set the stage for American participation in World War I and attempts to preserve post-war peace.

TOPIC: PROSPERITY, DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL (1919-1941) – The post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war prosperity brought about changes to American popular culture. However, economic disruptions growing out the war years led to worldwide depression. The United States attempted to deal with the Great Depression through economic programs created by the federal government.

TOPIC: FROM ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR (1930-1945) – The isolationist approach to foreign policy meant U.S. leadership in world affairs diminished after World War I. Overseas, certain nations saw the growth of tyrannical governments which reasserted their power through aggression and created conditions leading to the Second World War. After Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II, which changed the country’s focus from isolationism to international involvement.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – The United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) emerged as the two strongest powers in international affairs. Ideologically opposed, they challenged one another in a series of confrontations known as the Cold War. The costs of this prolonged contest weakened the U.S.S.R. so that it collapsed due to internal upheavals as well as American pressure. The Cold War had social and political implications in the United States.

TOPIC: SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES (1945-1994) – A period of post-war prosperity allowed the United States to undergo fundamental social change. Adding to this change was an emphasis on scientific inquiry, the shift from an industrial to a technological/service economy, the impact of mass media, the phenomenon of suburban and Sun Belt migrations, the increase in immigration and the expansion of civil rights.

TOPIC: UNITED STATES AND THE POST-COLD WAR WORLD (1991 TO PRESENT) – The United States emerged from the Cold War as a dominant leader in world affairs amidst a globalized economy, political terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

American Government

TOPIC: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT – Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

TOPIC: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION – Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

TOPIC: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT – Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

TOPIC: ROLE OF THE PEOPLE – The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

TOPIC: OHIO’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS – The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

TOPIC: PUBLIC POLICY – Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Modern World History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1600-1800) – The Age of Enlightenment developed from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. A new focus on reasoning was used to understand social, political and economic institutions.

TOPIC: AGE OF REVOLUTIONS (1750-1914) – The Age of Revolutions was a period of two world-encompassing and interrelated developments: the democratic revolution and the industrial revolution. Both had political, economic and social consequences on a global scale.

TOPIC: IMPERIALISM (1800-1914) – The industrialized nations embarked upon a competition for overseas empires that had profound implications for the entire world. This “new imperialism” focused on the underdeveloped world and led to the domination and exploitation of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

TOPIC: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CRISES (1900-1945) – The first half of the 20th century was one of rapid technological advances. It was a period when the tensions between industrialized nations resulted in World War I and set the stage for World War II. While World War II transformed the balance of world power, it was the most destructive and costly war in terms of human casualties and material resources expended.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION (1991-PRESENT) – The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.

Economics and Financial Literacy

TOPIC: ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS – Economic decision making relies on the analysis of data. Economists use data to explain trends and decide among economic alternatives. Individuals use data to determine the condition of their finances and to make savings and investment decisions.

TOPIC: FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Productive resources are limited and allocated in a variety of different ways. An efficient way to allocate productive resources is through markets.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The health of a nation’s economy is influenced by governmental policy. Fiscal policy can be used to spur economic growth. Monetary policy can be used to moderate fluctuations in the business cycle.

TOPIC: GLOBAL ECONOMY – Global issues and events influence economic activities.

TOPIC: WORKING AND EARNING – Employment provides a means of creating personal income.

TOPIC: FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MONEY MANAGEMENT – Responsible personal finance decisions are based upon reliable information and used to reach personal goals.

TOPIC: SAVING AND INVESTING – Saving and investing strategies help individuals achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: CREDIT AND DEBT – Credit and debt can be used to achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: RISK MANAGEMENT – There are various strategies to help protect personal assets and wealth.

Contemporary World Issues

TOPIC: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS – The 21st century is characterized by changing circumstances as new economies emerge and new technologies change the way people interact. Issues related to health, economics, security and the environment are universal.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Individuals and groups have the capacity to engage with others to impact global issues.

TOPIC: CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS – There are challenges to civil rights and human rights throughout the world. Politics, economics and culture can all influence perceptions of civil and human rights.

TOPIC: SUSTAINABILITY – An increasingly global society is faced with the interdependency of ecological, social and economic systems. The functioning of these systems determines the sustainability of natural and human communities at local, regional, national and global levels.

TOPIC: TECHNOLOGY – Technological advances present issues related to costs, distribution of benefits, ethical considerations, and intended and unintended consequences.

TOPIC: NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY – The political, economic and social goals of nations, international associations and nongovernmental organizations may be incompatible with each other and lead to conflicts.

TOPIC: THE GLOBAL ECONOMY – The global economy is an international marketplace fueled by competition, trade and integration.

World Geography

TOPIC: SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS – The ability to use geographic tools to locate data spatially enables people to gain a better understanding of contemporary issues. Investigations of spatial information provide guidance in solving global problems.

TOPIC: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY – Humans adapt to and modify the environment and shape the landscape through their interaction with the land. This has both positive and negative effects on the environment.

TOPIC: MOVEMENT – People interact with other people, places, and things every day of their lives. They travel from one place to another; they communicate with each other; and they rely upon products, information, and ideas that come from beyond their immediate environment .

TOPIC: REGION – A region is an area on the earth’s surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics which give it a measure of homogeneity and distinguish it from surrounding areas. The unifying characteristics may be physical or cultural. Regions change over time.

TOPIC: HUMAN SETTLEMENT – People live in settlements which vary in size, composition, location, arrangement, and function. These settlements are the focus of most aspects of human life including economic activities, transportation systems, governance, communications and culture. Human settlements differ between regions, places and over time.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION – The modern world is said to be “shrinking” or “flattening” through the processes of globalization. The scale and speed of global interactions continue to increase in fields such as technology, markets, information sharing and telecommunication. Globalization has impacted human-environmental interactions, has affected the movement of people, products and ideas, and has implications for what constitutes a region and connections among existing regions.

12th

Social Studies

American History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: FOUNDING DOCUMENTS – Some documents in American history have considerable importance for the development of the nation. Students use historical thinking to examine key documents which form the basis for the United States of America.

TOPIC: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND PROGRESSIVISM (1877-1920) – Ignited by post-Civil War demand and fueled by technological advancements, large-scale industrialization began in the United States during the late 1800s. Growing industries enticed foreign immigration, fostered urbanization, gave rise to the American labor movement and developed the infrastructure that facilitated the settling of the West. A period of progressive reform emerged in response to political corruption and practices of big business.

TOPIC: FOREIGN AFFAIRS FROM IMPERIALISM TO POSTWORLD WAR I (1898-1930) – The industrial and territorial growth of the United States fostered expansion overseas. Greater involvement in the world set the stage for American participation in World War I and attempts to preserve post-war peace.

TOPIC: PROSPERITY, DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL (1919-1941) – The post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war prosperity brought about changes to American popular culture. However, economic disruptions growing out the war years led to worldwide depression. The United States attempted to deal with the Great Depression through economic programs created by the federal government.

TOPIC: FROM ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR (1930-1945) – The isolationist approach to foreign policy meant U.S. leadership in world affairs diminished after World War I. Overseas, certain nations saw the growth of tyrannical governments which reasserted their power through aggression and created conditions leading to the Second World War. After Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II, which changed the country’s focus from isolationism to international involvement.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – The United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) emerged as the two strongest powers in international affairs. Ideologically opposed, they challenged one another in a series of confrontations known as the Cold War. The costs of this prolonged contest weakened the U.S.S.R. so that it collapsed due to internal upheavals as well as American pressure. The Cold War had social and political implications in the United States.

TOPIC: SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES (1945-1994) – A period of post-war prosperity allowed the United States to undergo fundamental social change. Adding to this change was an emphasis on scientific inquiry, the shift from an industrial to a technological/service economy, the impact of mass media, the phenomenon of suburban and Sun Belt migrations, the increase in immigration and the expansion of civil rights.

TOPIC: UNITED STATES AND THE POST-COLD WAR WORLD (1991 TO PRESENT) – The United States emerged from the Cold War as a dominant leader in world affairs amidst a globalized economy, political terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

American Government

TOPIC: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT – Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

TOPIC: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION – Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

TOPIC: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT – Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

TOPIC: ROLE OF THE PEOPLE – The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

TOPIC: OHIO’S STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS – The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

TOPIC: PUBLIC POLICY – Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Modern World History

TOPIC: HISTORICAL THINKING AND SKILLS – Students apply skills by utilizing a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.

TOPIC: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1600-1800) – The Age of Enlightenment developed from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. A new focus on reasoning was used to understand social, political and economic institutions.

TOPIC: AGE OF REVOLUTIONS (1750-1914) – The Age of Revolutions was a period of two world-encompassing and interrelated developments: the democratic revolution and the industrial revolution. Both had political, economic and social consequences on a global scale.

TOPIC: IMPERIALISM (1800-1914) – The industrialized nations embarked upon a competition for overseas empires that had profound implications for the entire world. This “new imperialism” focused on the underdeveloped world and led to the domination and exploitation of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

TOPIC: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CRISES (1900-1945) – The first half of the 20th century was one of rapid technological advances. It was a period when the tensions between industrialized nations resulted in World War I and set the stage for World War II. While World War II transformed the balance of world power, it was the most destructive and costly war in terms of human casualties and material resources expended.

TOPIC: THE COLD WAR (1945-1991) – Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION (1991-PRESENT) – The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.

Economics and Financial Literacy

TOPIC: ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING AND SKILLS – Economic decision making relies on the analysis of data. Economists use data to explain trends and decide among economic alternatives. Individuals use data to determine the condition of their finances and to make savings and investment decisions.

TOPIC: FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Productive resources are limited and allocated in a variety of different ways. An efficient way to allocate productive resources is through markets.

TOPIC: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY – The health of a nation’s economy is influenced by governmental policy. Fiscal policy can be used to spur economic growth. Monetary policy can be used to moderate fluctuations in the business cycle.

TOPIC: GLOBAL ECONOMY – Global issues and events influence economic activities.

TOPIC: WORKING AND EARNING – Employment provides a means of creating personal income.

TOPIC: FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MONEY MANAGEMENT – Responsible personal finance decisions are based upon reliable information and used to reach personal goals.

TOPIC: SAVING AND INVESTING – Saving and investing strategies help individuals achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: CREDIT AND DEBT – Credit and debt can be used to achieve personal financial goals.

TOPIC: RISK MANAGEMENT – There are various strategies to help protect personal assets and wealth.

Contemporary World Issues

TOPIC: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS – The 21st century is characterized by changing circumstances as new economies emerge and new technologies change the way people interact. Issues related to health, economics, security and the environment are universal.

TOPIC: CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND SKILLS – Individuals and groups have the capacity to engage with others to impact global issues.

TOPIC: CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS – There are challenges to civil rights and human rights throughout the world. Politics, economics and culture can all influence perceptions of civil and human rights.

TOPIC: SUSTAINABILITY – An increasingly global society is faced with the interdependency of ecological, social and economic systems. The functioning of these systems determines the sustainability of natural and human communities at local, regional, national and global levels.

TOPIC: TECHNOLOGY – Technological advances present issues related to costs, distribution of benefits, ethical considerations, and intended and unintended consequences.

TOPIC: NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMACY – The political, economic and social goals of nations, international associations and nongovernmental organizations may be incompatible with each other and lead to conflicts.

TOPIC: THE GLOBAL ECONOMY – The global economy is an international marketplace fueled by competition, trade and integration.

World Geography

TOPIC: SPATIAL THINKING AND SKILLS – The ability to use geographic tools to locate data spatially enables people to gain a better understanding of contemporary issues. Investigations of spatial information provide guidance in solving global problems.

TOPIC: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY – Humans adapt to and modify the environment and shape the landscape through their interaction with the land. This has both positive and negative effects on the environment.

TOPIC: MOVEMENT – People interact with other people, places, and things every day of their lives. They travel from one place to another; they communicate with each other; and they rely upon products, information, and ideas that come from beyond their immediate environment .

TOPIC: REGION – A region is an area on the earth’s surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics which give it a measure of homogeneity and distinguish it from surrounding areas. The unifying characteristics may be physical or cultural. Regions change over time.

TOPIC: HUMAN SETTLEMENT – People live in settlements which vary in size, composition, location, arrangement, and function. These settlements are the focus of most aspects of human life including economic activities, transportation systems, governance, communications and culture. Human settlements differ between regions, places and over time.

TOPIC: GLOBALIZATION – The modern world is said to be “shrinking” or “flattening” through the processes of globalization. The scale and speed of global interactions continue to increase in fields such as technology, markets, information sharing and telecommunication. Globalization has impacted human-environmental interactions, has affected the movement of people, products and ideas, and has implications for what constitutes a region and connections among existing regions.

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